What is Title I?
All schools in North Carolina are held accountable for each and every child with the goal that all students will graduate high school being better prepared for college and possessing skills necessary for careers in a global economy. To this end, the purpose of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) is to ensure that all students have a fair and equitable opportunity to meet high achievement standards. The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) is the latest reauthorization of ESEA and reaffirms our commitment to equal opportunity for all students and replaces No Child Left Behind Act of 2001.
Title I, Part A provides federal dollars for supplemental education opportunities for educationally and economically disadvantaged children who are most at-risk of failing to meet the State's challenging content and performance standards. Local education agencies (LEAs) decide on an annual basis which school will receive Title I school allotments. A school is considered a Title I school from July 1st of each fiscal year regardless of when the application for funds is approved by the State.
LEAs target the Title I funds they receive to public schools with the highest percentages of children from low-income families. Unless a participating school is operating a school-wide program, the school must focus Title 1 services on children that are failing, or most at-risk of failing, to meet State standards. Schools enrolling at least 40 percent of students from low-income families are eligible to use Title I funds for school-wide programs that serve all children in the school.